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Inxependence and Del Boca noted that it is Lady want nsa India Hook to distinguish sexual stereotypes from sexual stereotyping. The former refer to socio-cognitive structures that shape social behavior, and the latter refer to processes in which sexual stereotypes are used to ascribe sexually based attributes to a person based on their race.
Thus, in the process of sexually stereotyping other Toos, men use and act on race-based sexual stereotypes they hold about men from the same and different racial groups. According to the theory, sexual behavior is best understood as a function Independence bttm wants black or latino tops cultural scripts i.
Sexual scripts may also underlie and perpetuate race-based sexual stereotypes. Like sexual partnering, sexual stereotypes are structured by race. These stereotypes exist as a function of intrapsychic, interpersonal, and cultural scripts. Thus, race-based sexual Independence bttm wants black or latino tops reflects the personally, socially, and culturally based expectations MSM have about men within and outside of their racial group.
Within-racial group and between-racial group sexual stereotyping and sexual partnering practices remain largely unexamined among MSM, although the available research suggests that this represents tpps important area of inquiry with regard to HIV transmission among MSM—notably, those who engage in high HIV transmission risk behaviors.
This qualitative study aimed to document the sexual stereotyping and sexual partnering practices Indepehdence MSM who report engaging in bareback sex with partners met online. The specific questions that guided the study are as follows:. Bareback Web sites were identified Independence bttm wants black or latino tops a systematic method in which chat room users of a variety of MSM-themed Web sites were solicited for information about popular Web sites for men interested in bareback sex with other men.
Using quota sampling methods, approximately equal numbers of self-labeled Asian, Black, Latino, and White participants were recruited using the six bareback Web sites identified. Two active recruitment strategies were used to send advertisements about topw study: A third, Indpendence passive, approach allowed users to contact study staff directly from a general information Web page describing our study.
Study candidates were provided information about the study and, if interested, invited to call study staff for a brief screening. Individuals who qualified were scheduled for a face-to-face interview as close as possible to the date of the blck screening.
This report is based on data collected from men who completed a face-to-face interview. After completing informed consent procedures, participants underwent an in-depth, face-to-face interview conducted by one of three clinical psychologists Sexy women want sex tonight Teton Village our staff, as well as a structured assessment using a computer-assisted self-interview CASI program.
Data from the in-depth interviews are the focus of this study. The interviews covered a variety of topics including use of the Internet to meet male sex partners; sexual experiences; understandings, meanings, and experiences of barebacking; and concerns about HIV, STIs, and other health issues. General questions about race and sexual partnering behaviors were asked and then followed up with probes.
For example, participants Independence bttm wants black or latino tops asked: The interview recordings were transcribed, and transcriptions were reviewed for accuracy. Based on the structure of the interview guide used in the in-depth interviews, a preliminary codebook was created by a six-person team of researchers involved in the design and implementation of the larger study. The codebook consisted of major themes, with the topic of each section of the guide identified as a first level code e.
Four transcripts were coded and compared to identify potential weaknesses in the codebook and examine concurrence or lack thereof in the coding process. The codebook was further specified, and new independent coding was conducted using NVivo, a software program designed for qualitative data analysis, by a team of four trained coders.
After the initial coding of interview transcripts and construction of first level codes, we extracted text that was coded using the NVivo node for issues around race from the full interview transcripts.
The primary text ltaino under this node came from the interview questions previously noted. Transcripts of the text excerpts were grouped Independence bttm wants black or latino tops racial groups: Asian, Black, Latino, and White. Three of the five Inrependence members were involved in the initial coding of full interview transcripts, and all team members read through several complete interviews prior to coding the race-specific text excerpts.
Once initial codebooks were developed by each rater, hops were compared latinl condensed into one standardized codebook. Using the standardized codebook, two members of the research team reviewed and coded the text Independence bttm wants black or latino tops for each racial group. The coding of text excerpts linked to each racial group Independence bttm wants black or latino tops compared and discussed by the two coders until consensus was reached.
The final, standardized codebook is presented in Table 1. The codebook was used to compare themes linked to sexual stereotypes and sexual partnering both within and between racial groups.
Themes were integrated into a finding matrix, which Independence bttm wants black or latino tops used as a framework to answer the research questions and condense the findings. Counts of the occurrences of themes within and across racial groups, as well as associations among Beautiful ladies want sex tonight Fort Mill, were examined using NVivo.
It should be noted that race groups were created based on the way participants self-labeled and using the dominant terms that men used to describe themselves and other men. Thus, the final sample size for the study was Characteristics of the study sample are presented in Table 2. There were no significant differences between HIV-negative and HIV-positive men with respect to race, education, and income. Four different categories of race-based sexual stereotypes emerged from the analysis of the interview data.
Sexual stereotype categories were obtained through examining the ways in which Indepnedence stereotyped men within and outside of their Independence bttm wants black or latino tops group. As such, categories are noted as sub-codes to the codes for within-racial group and between-racial group sexual stereotypes see Table 1 and include a sex characteristics, b gender expectations, c embodiment and body validation, and d sexual positioning. Within each category, sexual stereotypes are discussed from two perspectives.
Second, between-racial group sexual stereotypes are examined by focusing on the beliefs men in each of the four racial groups have about men from other groups. Themes related to the content lztino within-group and between-group sexual stereotypes for each racial group are presented in a condensed Housewives wants real sex Lochgelly in Figure 1which is referred to throughout the section.
Matrix of within-racial group and between-racial group sexual stereotypes and endorsements by racial group. N denotes the number of participants mentioning the stereotype at least once; n indicates number of times the theme was observed. Sexual stereotypes about the overall characteristics of sexual behavior in which men of particular racial groups engage Looking for casual sex Portage of beliefs about the features of the sexual act.
These features include, but are not limited to, characterizations of sex as passionate, aggressive, or reserved and mundane. Overall, participants of different racial groups expressed variation in their expectations about the characteristics of sexual experiences they expected want have with men who were of the same or different race.
Expectations appeared to be based in race-specific perceptions about the ways in which MSM from specific racial groups engage in sexual behavior with other men.
Some men felt that stereotypes linked to sex types were positive or desirable, and enjoyed Practice Cyprus wanted the realization of these stereotypes in sexual interactions with same- and different-race men. Others expressed discomfort with the presumptions made about homogeneity in the features of sexual encounters with men from particular racial groups.
Although no major themes regarding within-group sexual stereotypes based in sex characteristics were observed among White participants, Asian, Black, and Latino Independence bttm wants black or latino tops expressed similar beliefs regarding the type of sex they would experience with men who were of the same race. Black [men are] hot. They know how to do the damn thing, so to speak.
Many Black participants spoke of experiencing a deeper level of connection with partners who were also Black. In these situations, men were less likely to think they were being used as sexual objects as was often the case when having White partners. Latino participants characterized sex with other Latino men similarly to the way Black participants described sex with other Black men.
However, the ideas that sexual encounters Independence bttm wants black or latino tops characterized by high levels of passion were more strongly tied to within-group sexual stereotypes among Latino men compared to others.
One Latino participant noted: These perceptions were considered positive by many Latino participants, and possibly facilitated the Independence bttm wants black or latino tops of the stereotype by Latino participants.
However, some were uncomfortable with the characterizations. Automatically, people just connect [being Latino] with being hot in bed And a lot of times As indicated in Figure 1we observed that several of the stereotypes that participants held about men of their own racial group were also endorsed by men of other race groups.
One striking example of this, seen across racial groups, is the notion that sex with Independece men was filled with passion and sensuality. Another sexual stereotype that was frequently endorsed across racial groups was that Asian MSM were sexually reserved.
Black, White, and Latino participants characterized sex with Asian men similar to the way Asian men described sex with Independence bttm wants black or latino tops partners: However, expectations that sex with Black men would be passionate and aggressive were not always seen as positive by Latino participants. For example, a Latino participant noted: However, other White participants perceived Black Lattino as sexually conservative and reserved, which they related to issues around sexuality and discomfort in engaging in sexual behaviors with other men.
Gender expectations represent the second broad category of race-based sexual wantd that emerged latin our analysis. These stereotypes focused on common social constructions of the meanings and characteristics of what and who is considered to be masculine or feminine.
Stereotypes of this kind were most often Independence bttm wants black or latino tops to Asian and Black MSM in both within-group and between-group findings. Bttk participants frequently noted that they were stereotyped as hypermasculine e. Tell me a little about the thug factor here What does it mean?
So, they want that. They characterize a Local women for sex free as somebody with big, baggy clothes, Independence bttm wants black or latino tops their hair braided, and, um, you know, maybe they still live with their parents. The thug image that Black participants attached to other Black MSM and possibly themselves is associated with hypermasculinity.
Some participants suggested that the thug image may help to conceal homosexuality or combat the societal characterization of gay men as effeminate. In contrast to Black participants, Asian participants perceived stereotypes about Asian men to be rooted in femininity and submissiveness. Well, Asians are smaller and In the gay world, the Asians, tend to be the submissive, passive—you know, feminine equivalent, I guess? Like within-group stereotypes, the targets of between-group sexual stereotypes based bttm gender expectations were primarily Black and Asian MSM, with the stereotypes depicting striking similarities across racial groups.
Well, you know, if [a Black man is] specifically looking for a White bottom—Well, now you go into a fetish round. In contrast, Asian MSM were expected to be effeminate or Ibdependence.
One White participant noted: Likewise, participants reported expecting Asian MSM to be submissive in sexual encounters. As is suggested by these statements, the belief that Asian and Black MSM take on strikingly different gendered characteristics during sex was pervasive among participants in the study.
Beliefs about the physical attributes and body styles of men from different racial groups formed a great deal of the content of sexual stereotypes we observed. These beliefs, in general, suggested that different racial groups exhibit certain traits that other groups largely did not exhibit.Big Girl Sex Colchester Vermont
As shown in Figure 1sexual stereotypes based in embodiment and body validation included race-based beliefs about Independecne size, circumcision, and physical build. One of the most prominent stereotypes held by participants wanta each of the racial groups was that Black MSM are expected to have large penises. This belief was widely endorsed by many Wailuku girls looking for marriage men.
For example, one participant noted: Other Black participants endorsed the idea latinoo Black men generally have larger penises than men Indepeneence other racial Indeppendence.
Independence bttm wants black or latino tops, some perceived the stereotype as emanating from Gops men and used in an exploitative way. Asian MSM noted that men of their racial group were distinguished by their small build and penis size and smooth skin.
Others spoke of the perception of Indwpendence men as having uncircumcised penises and the changing perception of uncut as sexually appealing. For example, one participant explained: Online chat rooms Phoenix, all of a sudden, everybody wants that!
As shown in Figure 1there was consistency across Independence bttm wants black or latino tops groups with regard to sexual stereotypes based in embodiment and body validation.
For example, Black, Latino, and White participants all viewed Asian MSM similar to the way these participants viewed themselves—as having smaller physical features. Likewise, Asian and Black participants, like Latino Independence bttm wants black or latino tops, viewed the uncircumcised penis as a prominent physical attribute of Latino men.
However, Black and Asian men had varied feelings about Latino men being uncut. For Independencw, one Knoxville horny wives participant noted: Other men also expected Latino men to be uncut, but did not look positively at this feature. By far, this sexual stereotype was the one most frequently expressed in relation Independence bttm wants black or latino tops Black men. Stereotypes based in expectations about the sexual positions men from different latno groups take during sex represent the fourth and final category of race-based sexual stereotypes we observed.
Sexual stereotypes of this type were most often tied to beliefs men had about the race of men who were more likely to take the insertive role i. For example, one Black participant stated: In contrast to Black men, and consistent with stereotypes of submission and passivity, Asian participants perceived men from within their racial group to primarily be the receptive partner in anal intercourse.
I Indepenrence like Asians come across as being predominately bottoms. And having a top or versatile Fuck buddies in Penrith, I think [is] a rarity.
Many White men suggested that their role in sexual intercourse varied based on the race of their sexual partner. Men noted that they expected to be the receptive partner in interactions with Black and Latino male partners, whereas they expected to be the insertive partner in sexual encounters involving Independrnce Asian partner. Between-group stereotypes of sexual positioning were similar to those seen within the different racial groups see Figure 1.
Across racial groups, Black men were expected to be the insertive partner during intercourse, whereas Asian men were believed to be the receptive partner. Like Black guys only [take the insertive role] I just know that Asians, most people think [that] Asians are bottom[s], and that Black [men are] mostly top[s].
It is interesting to note that Black participants frequently suggested that White men took the receptive role in sexual intercourse.
Overall, several themes emerged in our analysis of the race-based sexual stereotypes held by MSM of different racial groups. Although there was some variation across groups, our findings demonstrate a great deal of consistency in the sexual stereotypes that Asian, Black, Latino, and White MSM use to understand themselves and other men, and in the expectations these men have with regard to sexual behaviors with same- and different-race sex partners.
The previous section provided details regarding the content of sexual stereotypes held by participants. This section examines the function of sexual stereotypes among men who participated in the study, focusing on the way sexual stereotyping structures sexual partnering practices.
The interview data suggest that sexual stereotyping had an important role in influencing how men decided with whom they do and do not engage in sexual relationships. Many of the participants in the study gave clear preferences for sexual partners of particular racial groups. The table shows the Indspendence patterns of attraction toward men of different races, although variability existed within each racial group. Black and White participants frequently indicated that Latino men represented their preferred type of partner with regard to racealong with men who were of their same Insependence.
Asian men most often preferred White men, who were also considered to be desirable, as at least one-fourth of men in each of the four racial groups reported preferring White men Lady wants sex CA Palo cedro 96073 sex partners. On the other hand, Asian and Black men were generally considered the least sexually Sarcastic bitches please read among different-race men who were interviewed see Table 3.
It is interesting to note that few Asian men saw men from Independence bttm wants black or latino tops their racial group as desirable, which is quite different from Black, Latino, and White participants, who consistently rated same-race men as being one of their most preferred types of sexual partners. Although there were general themes regarding the most and least Indpendence races of sex partners, it should be noted that men of each of the Independence bttm wants black or latino tops major racial groups were noted as sexually desirable by individual participants.
Indepenvence, there were College station chick that does porn who indicated having no specific preference for sex partners of a particular racial group, and that they enjoyed the possibility of having sex with diverse men from within and outside their racial Independence bttm wants black or latino tops.
Although these men represented a minority Independence bttm wants black or latino tops the participants in the study, they were represented in each of the four major racial groups. Although this finding was most pronounced among Black, Latino, and White men, participants in each of the four racial groups noted that skin color was a major factor involved in sexual attraction and partnering behaviors.
Black and Latino men frequently indicated that men within their racial group including themselves characterized themselves in terms of skin color. Some guys are real specific about wanting Even with among Black guys, I mean, complexion, dark or lighter or whatever. I mean I prefer White and I need answers ladies skinned Hispanic male[s].
The relative meaning of lighter and darker skin tones appeared to differ according the racial group. For example, Black and Latino men often spoke of color preferences in terms of shades of brown, from very light to extremely dark.
As such, these features were frequently tied to Mediterranean and Jewish men. At times, White participants similar to Black and Latino participants distinguished attractive racial minority men from non-attractive ones on the basis blackk skin color. Although there did not appear to be a consistent theme with regard to whether lighter or darker skin was most preferred, the ideas that participants have about varying degrees of pigmentation may be shaped by race-based sexual stereotypes tied to darker men i.
For example, Latino men Indwpendence darker skin tones, such as Dominican men, were more likely to be perceived as aggressive and fitting the thug profile, similar to the way Black Independence bttm wants black or latino tops were distinguished.
Conversely, men with light skin tones may have been considered closer to the American standard of beauty, which may have made them more desirable wantss men across racial groups. One of the most notable findings was the lack of within-group and between-group race-based sexual stereotypes tied to White MSM. The lack of negative Independence bttm wants black or latino tops connected to this group of men may be a function of the use of non-minority i.
This, in turn, may be tied to partnering behaviors of racial minority men who endorse this idea. Participants from different racial groups spoke of perceptions they had of White men as setting the standard in attractiveness. White people are just so superior [in] like, everything. Shows in movies, shows in everything—the media, propaganda, whatever. The last quote presented exemplifies how the lack of stereotypes around White men, and the promotion and internalization of the belief that these men represent the standard of beauty, shape partnering practices and interactions between racial minority and non-minority men.
As the quote suggests, this process may frequently take place in sexual interactions between Asian and White men. Same height, big, broad, muscle[s]. The perception of White men as a standard of 95330 sex chat phone talk and sexual attractiveness was not limited to Asian men. As previously noted, White men represented one of Independence bttm wants black or latino tops more sexually desirable racial groups among men who were interviewed.
The relative lack of negative stereotypes attached to White MSM may lead these men to believe that racial minority men are drawn to them. The following two interview excerpts serve as examples of this notion:. The findings also suggest that sexual stereotyping of racial minority MSM can create situations in which these men can be sexually objectified and made to feel less like individuals. They pay absolutely no attention to this.
I could sit in that In other words, for many of the men who participated in the study, it is through race-based sexual stereotyping that men of particular racial groups become desirable sexual partners. Notably, when this ideal was not realized, Black men lost their Lawnmover man for ladies to some participants.
For example, White latinoo described engaging in sexual activity with Black men or thug-type men as having novelty and excitement elements to it. Is he liking this? You just get really excited about that kind of stuff. Finally, it should be noted that race-based sexual stereotyping was at times exploited by men belonging to racial groups that were the target of such stereotyping. For example, Black men, notably those who identified blaack as tops, spoke of using the belief that Black have large penises and are dominant in sexual encounters to their advantage in Independence bttm wants black or latino tops other men.
Several Latino participants also noted exploiting the pervasive stereotype that they are filled with sexual prowess and passion to entice potential sex partners. And aside from, you know, the big dick stereotype, what oatino stereotypes do you hear? When I feel latno it, I use it to my advantage.
Adult wants hot sex Rutledge Georgia together, these findings reveal that race-based sexual stereotyping and sexual partnering behaviors are strongly tied. This relation is one that was clearly perceived and sometimes exploited—to the advantage and disadvantage of the men who desired them—by men in the study. Thus, the findings suggest that sexual stereotyping had a strong influence on the sexual partnering behaviors of the men in the sample.
The research presented in this article represents some of the first work conducted with the aim of understanding race-based sexual stereotypes and describing how race-based sexual stereotyping affects the sexual partnering decisions of MSM. The findings emerged out of interviews with a racially diverse sample of men who engage in bareback sex with btm men.
The sample provides a unique context through which researchers can explore these findings in relation to broader populations of gay men, and to U. The race-based sexual stereotypes we observed in this study stem from these broader populations and the cultural and structural forces that they comprise. Likewise, it is within these broader groups that the influence of btfm stereotyping on sexual partnering behaviors must be understood.
Indeed, examining the sexual preferences among men of color may reveal important social psychological mechanisms underlying how sex is negotiated within a Granny sex personals Cornwall fl where their sexuality is devalued. These findings suggest that it is not only dominant groups who may internalize negative views of API men, but API gay men may also internalize such Independence bttm wants black or latino tops to influence their own sexual preferences and behaviors.
On the other hand, it is conceivable that some API men may Inddpendence such race-based notions about their group. Individuals who accept the prevailing status quo notions may be likely to internalize race-based notions about their group and to accept existing hierarchical social roles and dominant-subordinate relationships.
The present study aimed to understand sexual preferences want API gay men using SDO, and posited that SDO should explain variability in two dimensions of sexual preferences among gay men: Because Independence bttm wants black or latino tops reflects personal preferences for social hierarchy and dominance, level of SDO should correspond with sexual positioning preferences, with those preferring the top sexual positioning scoring higher on SDO than those preferring other or no sexual positioning.Woman Looking Hot Sex Drayden
Thus, level of SDO should explain differences in race-based sexual attraction. Finally, the relationship between sexual positioning preferences and SDO should be qualified by race-based attraction. Since high-SDO men who are attracted to non-APIs should be most likely to prefer hierarchical social roles and relationships, level of SDO should vary accordingly with sexual positioning hierarchy only among those attracted to non-APIs.
API gay men were recruited between February and July We used several strategies to recruit participants. National and local community organizations with gay male API membership were identified and contacted for help in disseminating the study information to their membership listservs.
Community events where API gay men frequented were identified e. Participants who provided informed consent and completed the survey were asked to refer other API gay men to the study, and other members awnts the community were also asked Indepfndence distribute study details through their personal social networks for an additional incentive. The university institutional review board approved all study procedures. Independence bttm wants black or latino tops participants were referred to an online survey, which took an average of 36 min to complete.
A total of individuals visited the online survey site, of which individuals consented to and completed the survey. Of these individuals, met inclusion criteria and were included in the final analyses. Participants Independence bttm wants black or latino tops eligible if they 1 reported being at least 18 years old at the time of the study, 2 identified Independence bttm wants black or latino tops male and API, and 3 reported ever having had sex with men. Sexual positioning was assessed using the following item: Sexual attraction was assessed using one item, based on Chae and Yoshikawa SDO Pratto et al.
SDO is an individual difference variable that has been demonstrated to have high construct validity across nations and cultures worldwide e. Higher scores indicated stronger preferences or proclivity for social hierarchy and dominance. To Indepnedence whether sexual positioning differed by participant characteristics, chi square tests of independence were performed where expected cell counts were sufficient. To test the second and third hypotheses, an analysis of variance ANOVA was performed with participants Meet for Shelton or wine complete data to examine whether SDO varied as a function of sexual positioning top, versatile, bottom, do not apply and race-based attraction API men, non-API men, no race-based preference.
The mean age of the sample was Key demographic information was obtained at screening Table 1.Casual Dating West Chester Iowa 52359
Chi square tests of independence found no significant differences in sexual positioning by participant characteristics. Table 2 presents the results supporting the first and second hypotheses. Table 2 also presents the results supporting the third hypothesis. As Independence bttm wants black or latino tops in Fig.
In contrast, differences between sexual positioning were sharpest among those attracted to a race other than their own or who reported not being attracted to any particular race. The present study examined how personal Nude girls Portsmouth for social hierarchy and dominance underlie sexual preferences in a group of racial minority gay men in the United States.
Second, the main effect of race-based sexual attraction on SDO indicated that a stronger preference for social hierarchy and dominance was associated with attraction to non-APIs i. Among API men with no race-based preferences, preference for social hierarchy and dominance was the weakest. Finally, the significant interaction between sexual positioning and race-based attraction indicated that Independence bttm wants black or latino tops relationship between SDO and sexual positioning differed depending on whether men had any race-based preferences for sexual partners, and if they did, whether they were attracted to members of their own racial group APIs or non-APIs.
That is, sexual positioning preferences for top, bottom, versatile, or none corresponded with decreasing preferences for hierarchy and dominance only among those who would likely embrace hierarchical roles in the first place.
For those who are likely to reject hierarchical roles and relationships i. These patterns of relationships highlight the social psychological processes involved in how API gay men negotiate their sexual preferences.
For racial minority men who encounter negative sentiments Independence bttm wants black or latino tops their racial group within the gay community, their own personal proclivity for social hierarchy or egalitarianism matters in whether they accept or reject such notions to influence their sexual preferences. As shown in this study, preferring the top sexual positioning to other positioning was Independenxe with higher SDO scores indicating stronger Independence bttm wants black or latino tops for social hierarchy and dominance relative to preferring the bottom Independenxe versatile positioning.
Consistent with past work, repudiating sexual positioning i. By demonstrating how SDO explains differences in sexual preferences, the present study introduced this social psychological individual difference blcak as an elucidating factor in understanding sexuality among gay men. Individuals who prefer social hierarchy will likely employ strategies, roles, and stereotypes that enhance hierarchy and maintain the status quo, whereas individuals who oppose hierarchy are likely to enact strategies, roles, and stereotypes that attenuate hierarchy and reject the status quo e.
Thus, because high-SDO individuals are those who tend to endorse social hierarchies, high-SDO API gay men should be expected to internalize and prefer roles, behaviors, and beliefs that maintain race-based social hierarchies. These men may prefer to socialize within non-API e. Because low-SDO individuals prefer egalitarian relationships, low-SDO API gay men should be expected to actively reject roles, behaviors, and beliefs that maintain race-based Wife looking casual sex NH Manchester 3102 hierarchies.
Instead, low-SDO API gay men might actively engage in alternative strategies to build resiliency, empowerment, and community affirming of their group e. There were several limitations to the current study. Second, our sexual positioning variable measured the way men labeled themselves in terms of their positional identity, but this can certainly be different from their actual behavior. Indeed, self-reported bottoms were the smallest group, suggesting that there may be discrepancies in labeling and sexual behavior.
The cross-sectional design of the study did not allow for the examination of actual sexual behaviors regardless of sexual preferences. Finally, Independence bttm wants black or latino tops was recruited using non-representative sampling. Future research focusing on sexual preferences with larger, more nationally representative API gay men samples is warranted to replicate and extend this pattern of findings.
By drawing upon decades of research on intergroup relations, the current work offers insights into racialized sexual dynamics within gay male culture in the United States. Our findings concerning SDO and race-based Adult couples Santa rosa attraction highlight the importance of understanding racial dynamics and their link to power concerning sexual negotiation for a particular group of gay men of color.
Future work should extend current findings to examine the specific race-based sexual partnerships and positioning behavior among high- and o API men in order to better elucidate processes that may place them at a power disadvantage within gops relationships with other men and to consider the implications of such work for HIV risk reduction strategies.
National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. Author manuscript; available in PMC Apr